Francisco Toledo is born in Juchitán de Zaragoza, Oaxaca in 1940. Toledo is considered the most important living mexican artist of the 21st century. He is a highly versatile artist who has worked with different media such as aquarella, oil, gouache and fresco, but also with lithography, print, carpet design, ceramics or stone, wood and resin sculpture, always looking to reinvent shapes and techniques. Never forgetting his indigenous ancestry, he is one of the forefront defenders of the artistic heritage of the state of Oaxaca.
Toledo founded the Institute of Graphic Arts in Oaxaca (IAGO). The Institute houses one of the largest collections of graphic art by international artists, a large library dedicated to art and it publishes the magazine focused on graphic El Alcaraván.
Toledo promoted the creation of the Museum of Contemporary Art Oaxaca (MACO), inaugurated in 1992, the Center of Photography Manuel Álvarez Bravo and the Museum of the Painters. He was also involved in the restoration the Augustinian monastery that is nowadays the Cultural Center Santo Domingo. Thanks to the library, Toledo saved the craftsmanship of bookbinding and proper care for books.
Toledo is highly involved in the cultural, social and ecological development established in Etla, a suburb of Oaxaca, a manufacturer of organic paper, creating sustainable jobs for the local population, he rescued a thread factory from decay and he opened El Pochote, and he founded a free cinema club in the city, its walls adorned with his bas-reliefs.